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Monday, March 4, 2024


In the wake of recent bird flu outbreaks in Japan, Singapore has taken swift action to protect its citizens by suspending imports of raw poultry and poultry products from four affected prefectures. The Singapore Food Agency (SFA) issued a circular on December 8, outlining the temporary ban that took effect from November 25.


Singapore Food Agency’s Circular (Dec. 8)

The official announcement from the SFA highlighted the suspension of poultry imports from Japan’s Saga, Ibaraki, Saitama, and Kagoshima prefectures. This decision stems from the alarming rise in highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) cases in these regions.

Reasons for the Ban

The ban was a direct response to the HPAI outbreaks reported in Japan, starting with the detection of the first case on November 23 at a poultry farm in Saga prefecture. The severity of the situation led to the culling of 40,000 birds on the affected farm. Subsequent outbreaks in Ibaraki, Saitama, and Kagoshima further heightened concerns, prompting Singapore’s precautionary measures.

Exemptions to the Ban

While imports from the affected prefectures face restrictions, the SFA clarified that heat-treated poultry products adhering to World Organisation for Animal Health (WOAH) guidelines for avian influenza inactivation would be exempt from the ban. This provision aims to ensure that safe and compliant products can continue to enter the Singaporean market.

Global Impact on Poultry Imports

Singapore’s move to suspend poultry imports echoes similar actions taken by other countries, including Canada, the United States, the United Kingdom, and Europe. The global poultry industry is experiencing a ripple effect, raising concerns about the broader impact of avian flu on international trade.


Recent Outbreaks in Japan

The timeline of reported outbreaks in Saga, Ibaraki, Saitama, and Kagoshima paints a concerning picture of the escalating bird flu situation in Japan. Efforts to contain the virus have become increasingly challenging, with each new outbreak posing a threat to poultry farms and necessitating immediate intervention.

Previous Season’s Bird Flu Outbreak in Japan

Recalling the worst bird flu outbreak in Japan during October 2022, the nation faced significant consequences, including the culling of over 17 million chickens. The aftermath saw a surge in egg prices, leading to shortages that impacted popular food outlets like McDonald’s and 7-Eleven, which had to discontinue egg-based dishes.

Impact on Egg Supply in Japan

The shortage of eggs became so severe that various food establishments in Japan were forced to alter their menus. The scarcity highlighted the vulnerability of relying on a limited number of suppliers for a crucial food item.

Singapore’s Egg Supply

Singapore, heavily dependent on imports for 70% of its egg supply from 19 countries, is reevaluating its strategies for a more resilient and diversified egg supply. Initiatives are underway to address this vulnerability, with local company ISE Food Holdings leading the charge.

ISE Food Holdings and Singapore’s Egg Farm

ISE Food Holdings, Japan’s largest egg producer, is set to support Singapore’s efforts by launching the nation’s fourth egg farm in 2024. This collaborative initiative aims to reduce dependency on external sources, ensuring a stable and sustainable egg supply for Singapore.


Future Plans for Singapore’s Egg Supply

The launch of the new egg farm is a significant step toward securing Singapore’s egg supply. With plans in motion for 2024, the nation anticipates greater self-sufficiency in this vital aspect of its food industry. The move aligns with global efforts to create resilient food systems and mitigate the impact of external crises on food security.

Global Concerns about Avian Flu

The recent series of avian flu outbreaks underscores the need for international cooperation in addressing and preventing such incidents. Collaboration among nations, along with strict adherence to guidelines and regulations, is crucial for safeguarding global food supplies and minimizing the economic impact of poultry-related diseases.


In conclusion, Singapore’s suspension of poultry imports from specific Japanese prefectures serves as a proactive measure to protect public health in the face of escalating avian flu outbreaks. The global ramifications of such incidents emphasize the urgency for collaborative strategies to fortify food security. As Singapore takes steps to diversify its egg supply, it exemplifies the broader push for resilient and sustainable food systems worldwide.

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